Plurilingual communication takes place when speakers of different languages and cultural backgrounds interact in one situation.
There are various aspects of plurilingual communication:
The Council of Europe defines plurilingualism as follows:
Plurilingual and pluricultural competence refers to the ability to use languages for the purposes of communication and to take part in intercultural interaction, where a person, viewed as a social agent, has proficiency, of varying degrees, in several languages and experience of several cultures. This is not seen as the superposition or juxtaposition of distinct competences, but rather as the existence of a complex or even composite competence on which the user may draw. (CEF Section 8.1)
Plurilingual competence is described in the CEF Companion Volume 2018 as follows:
Plurilingual competence as explained in the CEFR (Section 1.3) involves the ability to call flexibly upon an inter-related, uneven, plurilinguistic repertoire to:
(CEF Companion Volume 2018, p.28)
There are various reasons why it is important to foster plurilingual and pluricultural competences in formal education.